Friday, 16 September 2016

Hieropolis in Turkey

Our search for historical sites that existed earlier to 500 BC took us to Hieropolis in Turkey. But we missed the threshold by about 200 years, as this came into existence only in the 3rd century BC, in succession to the Phrygian Empire. It is associated with the name of Attalus, a king of Pergammon.
The site is close to the spa town of Pamakkale, which has been known for more than two thousand years for its hot water springs.
What attracted us to Hieroplois was the "necropolis" or the burial sites of the Pergammon kings going back almost to the 3rd century BC.

This picture shows the landscape at Hieropolis and the typical "mausoleum" style of the burial of the kings. This consists of a box-like room with a small entry door and a flat roof. This looks very much like the "mastaba" style of burials in ancient Egypt that were seen at Saqqara, mentioned in another Blogpost.
In addition to the "mausoleum" style, there were also the simpler, but possibly older, "sarcophagus" type, being a stone-made coffin for the dead.

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